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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-113

Developing an economic case of clinical pharmacists' interventions on venous thromboembolism prophylaxis through service evaluation

1 Department of Pharmacy, University College London, London, England
2 Emergency Department, St. George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, England
3 Centre for Behavioural Medicine, University College London, London, England

Correspondence Address:
Eun Hee Lee
Department of Pharmacy, University College London, London
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrpp.JRPP_16_160

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Objective: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has become a huge health problem as well as a financial burden for the National Health Service. The objective of this study was to characterize current practice of VTE prophylaxis (VTEP) and evaluate the economic impact of clinical pharmacists' interventions (CPIs) on VTEP. Methods: A prospective service evaluation was conducted in a medical and surgical ward at a tertiary teaching hospital in London from 23 May to 08 June 2016. Appropriateness of risk assessment (RA) and VTEP and CPIs were categorized and assessed. Based on the results of the service evaluation, a pharmacoeconomic analysis was undertaken to estimate the cost savings by CPIs for inappropriate pharmacological VTEP. Findings: A total of 203 cases were analyzed. The rates of appropriateness for RA on admission, RA at 24 h and pharmacological VTEP were 58.6%, 39.7%, and 75.4%, respectively. In the medical ward, there was a significant difference of appropriate RAs between on admission and at 24 h (70.3% vs. 23.8%, respectively). Whereas, the rate of appropriate pharmacological VTEP accounted for 75.4% and the rate of appropriate prophylaxis was significantly higher in the medical ward than surgical ward (80.5% vs. 68.2%, P= 0.045). Of 50 cases of inappropriate pharmacological prophylaxis, 39 cases (78.0%) were corrected by clinical pharmacists. These CPIs resulted in £1,286.23 cost savings during the study and it was estimated to be £517,522/annum. Conclusion: CPIs had significant positive clinical and economic impacts on VTEP. There is more scope for the improvement of RA at 24 h through CPIs.

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